May be used to fulfill Technology Credits. Technology Graduation Requirements: 1 Credit Total.

1 credit | Grades 9-12 | Introductory
PALCS offers this course through a partnership with the Amazon Future Engineers program.

An interactive introductory course for students brand new to programming that teaches the foundations of computer science.

An interactive introductory course for students brand new to programming that teaches the foundations of computer science using the Python language. Not only will this yearlong course prepare students for AP Computer Science A and AP Computer Science Principles, but it will teach students how to think computationally and solve complex problems, skills that are important for every student.

This course will be capped at 30 students.

½ credit | Fall | Grades 9-12 | Introductory

This ½ credit elective focuses on the overall production process surrounding web design. Students will be taught to create a fully functioning website using Hyper-Text Markup Language (HTML) and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS).

In this course, students will:

  • Demonstrate proper use of the technological design process in creating a website from scratch.
  • Learn and implement HTML (Hyper-Text Markup Language).
  • Implement the use of storyboarding and cascading style sheets.
  • Utilize the PA Leadership FTP to store and retrieve files.

Upon successful completion of this course, students may advance to Game Design and Development.

½ credit | Fall or Spring | Grades 9-12 | Introductory

Many students enjoy playing video games. This 1/2 credit course is an overview of how video games are developed. During this course students will be exposed to the video game design process.

In this course, students will:

  • Learn the history of video games.
  • Learn the methodologies behind what makes a game work.
  • Develop characters and story lines for their own games.
  • Explore the process of making a video game from just an idea to a finished product.

Students must use their PALCS-issued computer to access Windows-only software for this course.

Textbook:
Apress: The Game Maker’s Apprentice

½ credit | Fall or Spring | Grades 9-12 | Introductory

This ½ credit elective course focuses on programming mobile apps that solve design problems. Students will be taught how to create their own fully functioning app.

In this course, students will:

  • Demonstrate the proper use of the technological design process.
  • Utilize coding blocks and the app development software App Inventor 2.
  • Develop their own app suited to their needs.

½ credit | Spring | Grades 9-12 | Intermediate

Prerequisite: Strong keyboarding skills and a C or higher in Algebra 1 recommended but not required.

In this course, students will:

  • Learn and implement C++ and Java.
  • Utilize a C++ compiler to compile and run programs.
  • Examine current advancements in various fields of technology.
  • Emphasis on career development.

1 credit | Grades 9-12 | Advanced
PALCS offers this course through a partnership with the Amazon Future Engineers program.

This course will inspire and challenge students to explore how computing and technology can impact the world.
AP Computer Science Principles is a complete, full-year course developed in partnership with the University of Texas at Austin’s UTeach Institute that focuses on the 7 “Big Ideas” in computer science using project-based approaches.

The course introduces students to the creative aspects of programming, abstractions, algorithms, large data sets, the Internet, cybersecurity, and how computing impacts our world. Students will develop the computational thinking skills needed to fully exploit the power of digital technology and help build a strong foundation in core programming and problem-solving.

The course is designed to engage students from diverse backgrounds and those new to computing – and excite students with a curriculum that focuses on the core ideas that shape the landscape of computer science and its impact on our
society. Using project-based lessons and materials throughout, students will work to address real-world problems and design solutions to put computational thinking into practice. These culminate in a capstone Performance Task project where students can demonstrate what they’ve learned – to become creators, instead of merely consumers, of the technology all
around them.

This course will prepare students for the end-of-course AP Exam. This course will be capped at 20 students.

1 credit | Grades 11-12 | Advanced

Prerequisite: Algebra 2 and completion of AP course application.

AP Computer Science A introduces students to computer science with fundamental topics that include problem solving, design strategies and methodologies, organization of data (data structures), approaches to processing data (algorithms), analysis of potential solutions, and the ethical and social implications of computing. The course emphasizes both object-oriented and imperative problem solving and design using Java language.

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PALCS Computer Science Electives

Technology Graduation Requirements: 1 Credit

½ credit | Fall or Spring | Grades 9-12 | Introductory

This ½ credit Technology elective will educate students to effectively work in word processing, spreadsheet, and presentation applications. Students will learn through editing existing documents as well as creating new ones, while concentrating on necessary 21st century workplace skills.

In this course, students will:
• Practice organizing computer space.
• Learn about internet safety, netiquette, copyright and
plagiarism.
• Explore emerging technologies online such as Web 2.0
tools.

½ credit | Fall | Grades 9-12 | Introductory

The emphasis on this course is based upon successful implementation of PA Science and Technology Standards and the National Standards for Technological Literacy. Students will develop a well rounded concept of technology.

In this course, students will:

  • Concentrate studies on concepts in communication, transportation, and energy and power technologies with an emphasis on the design process.
  • Understand how technological concepts function and affect society.
  • Examine current advancements in various fields of technology.
  • Analyze and use the technological design process to solve problems.
  • Make connections between science and technology.

½ credit | Spring | Grades 9-12 | Introductory

The emphasis on this course is based upon successful implementation of PA Science and Technology Standards and the National Standards for Technological Literacy.

In this course, students will:

  • Concentrate studies on concepts in manufacturing, construction and bio-related technologies.
  • Understand how technological concepts function and affect society.
  • Examine current advancements in the manufacturing, construction and biotechnology industries.
  • Explore the influence and benefits of robotics in manufacturing and production.

½ credit | Fall or Spring | Grades 9-12 | Intermediate

This course will focus on graphic communications, helping to explain how communication happens and how graphic items are made. The class will have a focus on design and student lead projects. Students will learn everything they will know on how graphic items are designed and produced, touching on everything from pre-press to post-press. By the end of this course students will have an exposure to as many a dozen different graphic communication topics which will prepare them for introductory post-secondary or trade school programs. This course is designed from the National Standards for Technological Literacy and the PA Technology Standards.

Topics covered in Graphic Communications:

  • Typography
  • Design and Layout
  • Text Composition
  • Page Composition
  • Color Science
  • Printing Processes (Lithography, Flexography, Gravure and Screen Printing)
  • Pre-press
  • Graphic Design (Vector Art, Raster Art and Photography)

½ credit | Fall | Grades 9-12 | Intermediate

This course will expose students to key concepts of design and engineering, by exploring the design process, professional communication and technical documentation. The CAD software used in this course provides students with the tools they need to solve real world problems by designing and creating solutions.

In this course, students will:

  • Discover and apply the technological design process.
  • Create 2D drawings that utilize proper labeling and dimensioning techniques.
  • Learn basic 3D modeling techniques.
  • Learn how to work in the 3D computer environment to take individual parts and turn them into full assembly models.

½ credit | Spring | Grades 10-12 | Advanced

Prerequisite: Introduction to CAD or teacher recommendation.

This course will expand on material taught in Introduction to Computer Aided Design. 3D design is the core of the class with a focus on detail drawings, assemblies and collaborative design.

In this course, students will:

  • Learn advanced 3D modeling techniques.
  • Learn how to make engineering drawings.
  • Work in a real-world collaborative environment to develop a product.

1 credit | Grades 10-12 | Advanced
Introduction to Engineering provides an exciting theme for student immersion and investigation of the electromechanical design. This introduction to engineering subject uses a combination of project based active and experiential learning, with the explicit goals of fostering passion, excitement and creativity. The class will introduce core engineering themes, principles, and modes of thinking. Topics include: historical reflection, societal impact, fundamental principles, system uncertainties, teamwork, ethics, communications, engineering abstractions, constraints and boundaries. In addition to classic problem sets and exams, student teams complete various electromechanical labs as well as a final exploration-based hands-on design project. Specialized learning modules enable teams to focus on knowledge required to complete their projects, such as machine elements, electronics, software, structures, design process, visualization and communication.

Students will have lab and final project groups consisting of 6 students. Labs/projects are designed to be completed at a remote location close to the student with a PALCS Teacher during periods of PSSA Testing. Over the course of the semester, labs/projects are designed to be completed at this remote location over visits, totaling approximately 15 hours.
The rest of the course is designed to be completed online.

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PALCS Technology Electives

May be used to fulfill Elective Credits. Elective Graduation Requirements: 4 Credits Total

½ credit | Fall or Spring | Grades 9-12 | Intermediate
This ½ credit elective introduces students to the business world.

It helps students to become more knowledgeable consumers, citizens, and employees in our global economy. Topics discussed in this course include: general business terms and concepts, personal finance, career planning, entrepreneurship, accounting, marketing, economics and management. Students will also explore business skills for everyday life such as budgeting, résumé creation, interviewing techniques, consumer decision-making skills, and business etiquette. This course is recommended for any student interested in obtaining employment, studying business throughout high school and/ or college, or for those who want to develop business skills needed for everyday life. It is designed from the Pennsylvania Standards for Business.

½ credit | Fall or Spring | Grades 9-12 | Introductory

This ½ credit elective will cover topics such as goal setting, investing, using credit, wise consumer practices, insurance, budgeting and financial planning for the future. It is recommended for any student in grades 10-12. The course is designed from both the National Business Education Standards for Finance and the Pennsylvania Finance Standards.

In this course, students will:

  • Develop money management skills including banking, saving, investing and understanding pay checks.
  • Participate in real-life simulations such as opening a checking account and buying a car.
  • Learn valuable tools that will allow students to get the most out of their income now while preparing for the future.
½ credit | Fall | Grades 9-12 | Intermediate

Prerequisite: Algebra 1.

This course is designed from the National Business Education Association standards for Accounting and from the Pennsylvania Accounting standards. It includes the study of the accounting equation and techniques for journalizing and recording different accounts. The student will learn about ledgers and journals. The accounting cycle will be studied with exercises in adjusting entries and closing entries. Completing financial statements for a proprietorship will show how accounting is used in businesses every day. Students also explore career opportunities in the accounting field. This course helps students develop an understanding of financial literacy. It also prepares students to study accounting or other business fields at a college level.

Textbook:
Cengage: Survey of Accounting

½ credit | Spring | Grades 9-12 | Advanced

Prerequisite: Business Accounting 1A and teacher recommendation.

This course is a continuation of Accounting 1A. It is designed from the National Business Education Association standards for Accounting and from the Pennsylvania Accounting standards. Students will continue to work with ledgers and journals. Accounting procedures for a merchandise business and a service business will be explored for similarities and differences. Payroll, taxes and financial statements for a corporation will also be introduced. This course helps students develop an understanding of financial literacy. It also prepares students to study accounting or other business fields at the college level.

Textbook:
Cengage: Survey of Accounting

½ credit | Spring | Grades 9-12 | Introductory

Prerequisite: Permission slip allowing students to create the social media accounts used in this course–please contact your guidance counselor.

This course provides students with an introduction to the history, technology, and uses of social media with a focus on marketing.

Social media (such as Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, etc.) are technologies that enable individuals to create, collaborate, and share personal and professional messages with audiences of all sizes. Students will explore the extensive possibilities of social media and will have hands-on experience with several forms of social media technology with a focus on effectively marketing themselves as well as business organizations.

In this course, students will be asked to participate in social networks, forums, and blogs as well as analyze case studies on a variety of social media marketing advertisements and campaigns. Students will also learn how to create the most effective and engaging profiles and pages for personal and professional productivity. Those who complete this course will know how to use social media effectively and have a framework for understanding and evaluating new tools and platforms.

Class discussions, readings, establishment of new profiles, and the analysis of case studies will highlight effective methods, strategies and applications of these platforms.

1 credit | Grades 10-12 | Intermediate

This course may be used to fulfill Technology graduation requirements. This course has limited availability.

Prerequisite: Good keyboarding skills.

This 1 credit elective prepares students to be effective and productive users of Microsoft Office Word, Excel and PowerPoint. These are the industry standard word processing software, spreadsheet software and presentation software. This course meets Pennsylvania Computer Standards, along with National Standards for Technology Literacy and National Business Education Association Standards. Students must use their PALCS-issued computer to receive Microsoft products.

½ credit | Spring | Grades 10-12 | Intermediate

This ½ credit elective introduces the fundamentals of small business startup and growth. Topics include development of the business concept, strategic planning, marketing, financing, and an overview of international business. Examines important principles for businesses of any size.

In this course, students will learn about the procedures and philosophies of business management, leadership, business startup, human resources, communication, motivation, ethics, time management, performance appraisals, delegation, and entrepreneurship. This course is recommended for those who may have their own business or who are interested in operating a business. It is also recommended for those interested in pursuing a management or business-related major or employment. The course is designed from the National Business Education Standards for Management the Pennsylvania Management Standards.

Textbook:
McGraw Hill: Introduction to Business

½ credit | Fall | Grades 10-12 | Intermediate

This ½ credit elective introduces the fundamentals of small business startup and growth. Topics include development of the business concept, strategic planning, marketing, financing, and an overview of international business. Examines important principles for businesses of any size.

In this course, students will learn about the procedures and philosophies of business management, leadership, business startup, human resources, communication, motivation, ethics, time management, performance appraisals, delegation, and entrepreneurship. This course is recommended for those who may have their own business or who are interested in operating a business. It is also recommended for those interested in pursuing a management or business-related major or employment. The course is designed from the National Business Education Standards for Management the Pennsylvania Management Standards.

Textbook:
McGraw Hill: Marketing Essentials

½ credit | Fall | Grades 10-12 | Advanced

Prerequisite: Principles of Marketing.

This course will offer a more advanced business elective that builds on the concepts and understanding of Sports and Entertainment Marketing. The need for this course is based on current student interest and college/career trends and will coincide with the National Business Education Association and the Pennsylvania standards for Marketing. This course will prepare students to study Sports and Entertainment Marketing at the post-secondary level. This course will revolve around defining what sports and entertaining marketing is, industry standards, legal issue and promotion.

Topics covered in Sports and Entertainment Marketing:

  • What is Sports and Entertainment Marketing
  • Industry Segments
  • Marketing Plan
  • Channels of Distribution
  • Promoting in Sports and Entertainment
  • Sports and Entertainment Legal Issues
½ credit | Fall or Spring | Grades 11-12 | Intermediate

Prerequisite: Introduction to Business.

This course Business Law is designed to give students a rudimentary understanding of the legal ramifications of being in business and operating in the business. The course is designed as a two part course. The first portion of the course looks at what constitutes a legally binding contract and the components of a legally binding contract. The course also looks at how the courts typically look at and enforce contracts and the appearance of a contract when there is not one. The second part of the course looks into the basis of the various legal aspects of running and working for a business such as the application of the Uniform Commercial Code within Pennsylvania, employment law, the structuring of the court system in Pennsylvania, and the implications of the various forms of legal entities.

Topics covered in Business Law:

  • The Components of a Legally Binding Contract
  • How the Courts Interpret Contacts
  • Various Forms of Contracts
  • Non-Compete Clauses
  • The Court System
  • Business Entities
  • Uniform Commercial Code
  • Employment Law
  • Bankruptcy

Physical/Digital Textbook:
Cengage: Law for Business and Personal Use

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PALCS Business Electives

May be used to fulfill Elective Credits. Elective Graduation Requirements: 4 Credits Total

College-bound students are strongly encouraged to take two years of the same Foreign Language.

Spanish

1 credit | Grades 9-12

This is an introductory level course. Students will be exposed to the Spanish language and culture through student-paced asynchronous lesson packages, with multimedia presentations and interactive websites, to achieve an enriching online experience. Students are highly encouraged to attend weekly virtual lessons.

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Identify cultures and countries where Spanish is spoken in the world and explore a variety of Hispanic traditions.
  • Comprehend and produce simple Spanish phrases, both written and spoken, on a variety of topics, such as greetings, talking about family, life at home and at school, weather, hobbies and pastimes.

Students will be expected to submit voice recordings.

Textbook:
Santillana: Espanol Santillana 1

1 credit | Grades 9-12

Prerequisite: Spanish 1.

Prerequisite: Spanish 1.

This is a basic to intermediate level course that offers a comprehensive review of structures and vocabulary taught in Spanish 1. Students will explore grammar and culture more in depth through student-paced asynchronous lesson packages, with multimedia presentations and interactive websites, to achieve an enriching online experience. Students are highly encouraged to attend weekly virtual lessons.

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Compare and contrast Hispanic culture and tradition within various countries of the world.
  • Comprehend and produce slightly more advanced Spanish phrases in present, simple past, and simple future tenses in both written and spoken forms.
  • Discuss and describe a variety of topics such as family, house, clothes, food, health, trips, school, hobbies, professions, geography, and environment.
  • Comprehend and analyze short readings in Spanish.

Students will be expected to submit voice recordings.

Textbook:
Holt: Expresate Spanish 2

1 credit | Grades 10-12

Prerequisite: Spanish 2 or teacher recommendation.

This is a higher-level novice course. It begins with a comprehensive review of grammar and structures taught in the previous levels. Students will be expected to build upon grammar learned in previous levels as they move toward intermediate-level course work. Students are highly encouraged to attend weekly virtual lessons.

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Comprehend and produce novice-high to intermediate-level complexity of expressions in the target language, making use of more advanced vocabulary and verb tenses.
  • Discuss and describe in more detail a variety of topics such as vacation activities and destinations, pastimes, academic life, the family dynamic, art and architecture, modern modes of communication, cultural heritage, jobs, business and technology.
  • Read, comprehend, and analyze level-appropriate Spanish literature in various genres.

Students will be expected to submit voice recordings.

Textbook:
Holt: Expresate Spanish 3

1 credit | Grades 11-12

Prerequisite: 80% or higher in Spanish 3 or teacher recommendation.

This is an intermediate-level Spanish course. Students are expected to demonstrate and apply solid knowledge of novice-high to intermediate-low level grammar and vocabulary, upon which they will actively build throughout the course through reading, writing, listening, and speaking as they move towards advanced-level course work. Students are expected to work actively and often with the teacher in an ongoing effort to strengthen aural comprehension and achieve oral proficiency in Spanish.

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Communicate through speaking and writing on a variety of interesting topics, applying the mechanics of Spanish grammar through various verb tenses and intermediate-high descriptions.
  • Read, comprehend, analyze, and discuss authentic literature in the form of short stories and poems.
  • Read and discuss cultural and current events in the target language.

Students will create voice recordings regularly. A weekly virtual meeting is mandatory and meeting times can be adapted.

Textbook:
Holt: Nuevas Vistas Introduccion

1 credit | Grade 12

Prerequisite: 80% or higher in Honors Spanish 4 and teacher recommendation

Spanish 5 is an advanced course designed to build fluency and prepare students for the AP course. There is extensive use of Spanish TV news, magazine articles, films, songs and literature. The emphasis is on exposure to and active production of the language and on learning the language through authentic tasks. Review of simple to advanced grammatical features are build into the course. The main aim of the course is to improve fluency, variety of expression, develop listening comprehension and writing skills. A weekly virtual lesson is mandatory. This course is by teacher recommendation. This course is taught almost exclusively in Spanish.

1 credit | Grade 12

Prerequisite: 80% or higher in Honors Spanish 5 or placement test, and completion of  AP course application.

The AP Spanish Language and Culture course emphasizes communication (understanding and being understood by others) by applying interpersonal, interpretive, and presentational skills in real-life situations. This includes vocabulary usage, language control, communication strategies, and cultural awareness. The AP Spanish Language and Culture course strives not to overemphasize grammatical accuracy at the expense of communication. To best facilitate the study of language and culture, the course is taught almost exclusively in Spanish.

The AP Spanish Language and Culture course engages students in an exploration of culture in both contemporary and historical contexts. The course develops students’ awareness and appreciation of cultural products (e.g., tools, books, music , laws, conventions, institutions), practices (patterns of social interactions within a culture), and perspectives (values, attitudes, and assumptions).

Students will create voice recordings regularly. A weekly virtual meeting is mandatory, though meeting times can be adapted.

Textbook:
Vista Higher Learning: AP Spanish Language & Culture

French

1 credit | Grades 9-12

Students will be exposed to the French language and culture through student-paced asynchronous lesson packages, with multimedia presentations and interactive websites, to achieve an enriching online experience. Students are expected to spend at least 30 minutes per lesson package. Students may attend the weekly virtual lesson.

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Identify cultures and countries where French is spoken in the world and explore a variety of French traditions & cultural items.
  • Comprehend and produce simple French phrases, both written and spoken, on a variety of topics, such as greetings, talking about family, life at home and at school, weather, hobbies and pastimes.

Students will be expected to submit simple voice recordings. For help, students are offered recorded models and written support.

Textbook:
McDougal Littell: Discovering French 1

1 credit | Grades 9-12

Prerequisite: French 1.

This is a basic to intermediate level course that offers a comprehensive review of structures and vocabulary taught in French 1. Students will explore grammar and culture more in depth through student-paced asynchronous lesson packages, with multimedia presentations and interactive websites, to achieve an enriching online experience. Students are encouraged to attend the weekly virtual lesson.

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Compare and contrast French culture and tradition within various countries of the world.
  • Comprehend and produce slightly more advanced French phrases in imperative mood as well as present, simple past, near future tenses in both written and spoken forms.
  • Discuss and describe in more detail a variety of topics such as personal interests, leisure activities, vacations, future plans, daily routines, responsibilities and chores around the home, exercise, and healthy habits.
  • Comprehend and analyze short readings in Spanish.

Students will be expected to submit voice recordings and do their best to apply the few simple rules of French pronunciation covered in French 1. For help, students are offered recorded models and written support.

Textbook:
McDougal Littell: Discovering French 2

1 credit | Grades 10-12

Prerequisite: French 2.

French 3 is a higher-level novice course. It begins with a comprehensive review of grammar and structures taught in the previous levels. Students will be expected to build upon grammar learned in previous levels as they move toward intermediate-level course work.

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Comprehend and produce novice-high to intermediate-level complexity of expressions in the target language, making use of more advanced vocabulary and verb tenses.
  • Discuss and describe in more detail a variety of topics such as family and origins, pastimes, daily routines and common concerns, one’s home, one’s past, vacation destinations, employment and careers.
  • Read, comprehend, and analyze level-appropriate French literature in various genres.

Students are highly encouraged to attend weekly virtual lessons. Students will be expected to submit voice recordings.

Textbook:
McDougal Littell: Discovering French 3

1 credit | Grades 11-12

Prerequisite: 80% or higher in French 3 or teacher recommendation.

This is an intermediate-level French course yet students are expected to demonstrate and apply solid knowledge of novice-high to intermediate-low level grammar and vocabulary, upon which they will actively build throughout the course through reading, writing, listening, and speaking as they move towards advanced-level course work. Students are expected to work actively and often with the teacher in an ongoing effort to strengthen aural comprehension and achieve oral proficiency in French.

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Communicate through speaking and writing on a variety of interesting topics, applying the mechanics of French grammar through various verb tenses and intermediate-high descriptions.
  • Read, comprehend, analyze, and discuss authentic literature in the form of short stories and poems.
  • Read and discuss current events in the target language.

Students will create voice recordings regularly. A weekly virtual meeting is recommended.

Textbook:
Vista Higher Learning: D’accord!

1 credit | Grades 12

Prerequisite: 80% or higher in French 4 and teacher recommendation

French 5 is an advanced course designed to build fluency and prepare students for the AP course. There is extensive use of French TV news, magazine articles, films, songs and some literature. The emphasis is on exposure to and active production of the language and on learning the language through authentic tasks. Review of simple to advanced grammatical features are built into the framework of the 6 themes of the AP course. The main aim of the course is to improve fluency, variety of expression, develop listening comprehension and writing skills. A weekly virtual lesson is mandatory. This course is by teacher recommendation.

Textbook:
Vista Higher Learning: Face-a-Face

1 credit | Grade 12

Prerequisite: Successful completion of French 4 and completion of AP course application.

The AP French Language and Culture course emphasizes communication (understanding and being understood by others) by applying interpersonal, interpretive, and presentational skills in real-life situations. This includes vocabulary usage, language control, communication strategies, and cultural awareness. The AP French Language and Culture course strives not to overemphasize grammatical accuracy at the expense of communication. To best facilitate the study of language and culture, the course is taught almost exclusively in French.

This course engages students in an exploration of culture in both contemporary and historical contexts. The course develops students’ awareness and appreciation of cultural products, practices and perspectives.

Textbook:
Vista Higher Learning: Themes 1E

Rosetta Stone

1 credit | Grades 9-12

The Rosetta Stone program allows students to select a foreign language to study through use of self-paced Rosetta Stone software. There are many languages available upon request and interest. Please see rosettastone.com for a list of all available languages.

Students selecting Rosetta Stone German or Rosetta Stone Japanese may receive additional assistance or content from PALCS teachers.

The Rosetta Stone program has limited availability and continued enrollment in the program requires active student participation.

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PALCS World Languages

May be used to fulfill Humanities Credits. Humanities Graduation Requirements: 1 Credit Total

½ credit | Fall | Grades 9-12

In this course, students will:

  • Identify, explain and analyze Cave Art in Early Civilizations followed chronologically through to the 1300s in Medieval Times. This includes Art of the earliest times and rising civilizations, Roman Art and Medieval Art.
  • Apply art criticism and aesthetic judgment to various works throughout the time periods.
  • Understand the variety of art elements and principles of design used in selected compositions.
  • Become aware of the connection between the culture and historical period in the works of art.
  • Write their original comments and observations of works of art throughout the course.
  • Create several original art projects with emphasis on the concept and not the personal artistic skill.
  • Learn to appreciate the works of art significant to each culture and time period.

This course is reading/writing intensive.

Textbook:
McGraw Hill: Art in Focus

½ credit | Spring | Grades 9-12

In this course, students will:

  • Identify, explain and analyze the Renaissance followed chronologically through to the twentieth century. This includes the Italian and Late
  • Renaissance, Art of fifteenth and sixteenth century Europe, Baroque Art, Rococo Art and New Directions in Art..
  • Apply art criticism and aesthetic judgment to various works throughout the time periods.
  • Understand the variety of art elements and principles of design used in selected compositions.
  • Become aware of the connection between the culture and historical period in the works of art.
  • Write their original comments and observations of works of art throughout the course.
  • Create several original art projects with emphasis on the concept and not the personal artistic skill.
  • Learn to appreciate the works of art significant to each culture and time period.

This course is reading/writing intensive.

Textbook:
McGraw Hill: Art in Focus

½ credit | Fall | Grades 9-12

In this course, students will:

  • Identify, explain and analyze the art from the early 20th Century chronologically to the early 21st Century. This includes Cubism, Dada, Surrealism, Regionalism, Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Op Art, Photo-Realism, Post-Modernism, Digital Art, Installation Art.
  • Apply art criticism and aesthetic judgment to various works throughout the time periods.
  • Understand the variety of art elements and principles of design used in selected compositions.
  • Become aware of the connection between the culture and historical period in the works of art.
  • Write their original comments and observations of works of art throughout the course.
  • Create several optional original art projects with emphasis on the concept and not the personal artistic skill.
  • Learn to appreciate the works of art significant to each culture and time period.

This course is reading/writing intensive.

Textbook:
McGraw Hill: Art in Focus

½ credit | Spring | Grades 9-12

In this course, students will:

  • Identify, explain, and analyze works of famous artists from each of the six inhabitable continents.
  • Learn about the art periods of selected artists.
  • Explore art media and processes.
  • Understand art criticism and aesthetic judgment.
  • Sharpen perceptual skills while learning the language of art
  • Explain how subject, composition and content relates to a work of art.
  • Create and relate works in the arts to different geographic regions, genres and time periods.
  • Analyze a work of art from a cultural and historic perspective.

This course is project-based.

Manipulatives/Kits:
Art Kit

½ credit | Fall | Grades 9-12

In this course, students will:

  • Learn about the Elements of Design: Line, Shape and Form, Value, Color, Space, Texture.
  • Learn about the Principles of Design: Balance, Unity, Contrast, Emphasis, Pattern, Movement and Rhythm.
  • Understand how the Elements and Principles are combined in mindful, purposeful ways by artists to create artistic compositions.
  • Create original works of art using the Elements and Principles of Design.
  • Complete reading and writing assignments to build literacy skills and display an understanding of textual information.
  • Participate in discussion and critiques about famous artwork in the context of material learned in each unit of this course.

This course includes writing and studio activities.

Manipulatives/Kits:
Art Kit

½ credit | Spring | Grades 9-12

In this course, students will:

  • Be introduced to the history, practice, language and business of Illustration.
  • Explore the fundamentals that are required to excel in the commercial field.
  • Explore the different artistic media used.
  • Develop a personal illustrative style.
  • Create images that visually communicate narrative content
  • Begin to identify connections between the intension of product and the general public.
  • Identify specific works of art as belonging to the field of Illustration—books, magazines, posters, wearable graphics, feature animations, games, packaging and the Internet.
  • Demonstrate how contemporary, digital and traditional techniques can influence the creation of illustrations.

Manipulatives/Kits:
Art Kit

½ credit | Fall | Grades 11-12

Prerequisite: World Artists/Art Illustration, and/or Teacher Recommendation.

Students will practice, understand and apply graphite and values, pen and ink, colored pencil, oil pastel and acrylic painting.

Portfolio development will include drawing from observation, one-point perspective, color theory, and applying the principles of design.

This course is creatively challenging. It is designed for students who wish to study art at a college level or seek a more challenging art course. A working webcam (provided by PALCS) or a digital camera is required for this course. A Portfolio Review is required prior to enrollment in the course.

Manipulatives/Kits:
Art Kit

½ credit | Spring | Grades 11-12

Prerequisite: Honors Art Portfolio or Teacher Recommendation.

Students will demonstrate development and proficiency positive/negative space, charcoal portraiture, watercolor, clay sculpture, textural acrylic painting, independent study, and a digital portfolio project

This course is creatively challenging. It is designed for students who wish to study art at a college level or seek a more challenging art course. A working webcam (provided by PALCS) or a digital camera is required for this course. A Portfolio Review is required.

Manipulatives/Kits:
Art Kit

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May be used to fulfill Humanities Credits. Humanities Graduation Requirements: 1 Credit Total

½ credit | Fall | Grades 9-12

In this course, students will:

  • Recognize the factors that influence the musical preferences of an individual.
  • Explore how globalization has affected the music that we hear.
  • Study the universal instrumental timbre categories and how they apply to traditional, classical, and popular music genres.
  • Critique musical performances based upon a set of criteria while engaging in perceptive listening.
  • Study the timing elements of music.
  • Explore various styles of dance while exploring the benefits of the musical and physical collaboration of dance.
  • Study and critique the various aspects of vocal music.
  • Study the roots of jazz, including the musical characteristics of the various jazz styles as well as the key contributing musicians of each style.

This is an introductory music course where students will discover the different aspects of music with regard to various cultures, genres, dances, rhythms and aesthetic experiences. In addition, reading the textbook is required for adequate responses to aural perception of the styles.

Textbook:
McGraw Hill: Music: It’s Role and Importance in Our Lives

½ credit | Spring | Grades 9-12

Prerequisite: 75% or higher in Music Appreciation I.

In this course, students will:

  • Study and apply common poetic devices used to create figurative language in song lyrics, with a focus on love songs.
  • Recognize the role of music in various religions.
  • Explore the roles that music plays in ceremonies, celebrations, condolences, and commemorations while learning the musical characteristics of each.
  • Study the history of opera and musical theater as well as how both communicate emotions through music while telling stories.
  • Examine the history of music in film as well as how music is used to enhance the drama and provide continuity in films.
  • Study as well as compare and contrast the musical characteristics of the earliest periods of Western classical music, including Medieval,
  • Renaissance, and Baroque.
  • Study the development and musical characteristics of the Classical and Romantic periods.

This is a continuation of Music Appreciation I, where students will discover the different aspects of music in regards to emotion, religion, celebration, operas and musicals, film and early music history. This course requires students to explain music using more advanced vocabulary. Reading the textbook is required for adequate responses to aural perception of the styles.

Textbook:
McGraw Hill: Music: It’s Role and Importance in Our Lives

½ credit | Fall | Grades 9-12

In this course, students will:

  • Study the basic foundations of music theory.
  • Read and notate simple note and rest values in the grand staff.
  • Read and notate music in basic time signatures.
  • Read and notate music using repeat signs, 1st and 2nd endings, D.C. al Fine, D.C. al Coda, D.S. al Fine, and D.S. al Coda.
  • Study and apply performance elements of music, including dynamics, tempos, and articulations.
  • Read and notate music with accidentals as well as half steps, whole steps, and enharmonics.
  • Practice ear training skills with learned concepts, including musical notation of aural dictation.
  • Apply learned concepts and skills in an original composition, following specific criteria.

This is an introduction to the basics of music notation, which includes ear training with melodic and rhythmic dictation. Attendance and participation at weekly chats are strongly encouraged for comprehension.

Workbook:
J.W. Peppers: Alfred’s Essentials of Music Theory

½ credit | Spring | Grades 9-12

Prerequisite: 80% or higher in Music Theory I or placement test.

In this course, students will:

  • Read and notate major and chromatic scales while identifying the intervals and scale degrees in each.
  • Read and notate music in various key signatures.
  • Read and notate various intervals and solfege syllables as they relate to intervals as well as transposition of provided melodies.
  • Review simple note and rest values while reading and notating more complex note and rest values.
  • Review basic time signatures while reading and notating music in more complex time signatures.
  • Read and notate music containing incomplete measures and syncopation.
  • Read and notate primary and major triads as well as the dominant seventh chord.
  • Read and notate triad and dominant seventh inversions as well as Roman numeral analysis with figured bass and chord names.
  • Practice ear training skills with learned concepts, including musical notation of aural dictation.
  • Apply learned concepts and skills in an original composition, following specific criteria.

This is a continuation of Music Theory 1 and requires students to read and notate music using more complex concepts. Attendance and participation at weekly chats are strongly recommended for comprehension.

Workbook:
J.W. Peppers: Alfred’s Essentials of Music Theory

½ credit | Spring | Grades 9-12

The Romantic Era, 1820-1900, beginning with Ludwig van Beethoven, saw many revolutions in its style, echoing the political revolutions that occurred during the prior era, including the American Revolution and French Revolution. These musical revolutions saw orchestras grow from twenty to eighty and one hundred musicians, musical pieces that last for over an hour, when prior music would end after fifteen or twenty minutes. Music became more dramatic, powerful, and filled with the hopes, agonies, and passions of the composers who wrote it.

In this course, students will:

  • Study the music of the most famous composers of the early, middle and late romantic era, including but not limited to Beethoven, Liszt, Verdi,
  • Brahms, Wagner, Tchaikovsky, Puccini and Strauss.
  • Gain a greater understanding of the historical issues that inspired these composers.
  • Analyze the music for its musical and historical merits.
1 credit | Grades 11-12

Prerequisite: Placement test or 85% or higher in either Honors Music Theory II or Music Composition, and completion of AP course application.

This course will prepare the student for the study of music at the college level. The ultimate goal of AP Music Theory is to develop the student’s ability to recognize, understand, and describe the basic materials and processes of music that are heard or presented in a score.

In this course, students will:

  • Develop aural skills through listening exercises.
  • Enhance sight-singing skills through performance exercises.
  • Improve compositional skills through creative exercises.
  • Strengthen writing and analytical skills.

This course will culminate with the student taking the AP Music Theory exam.

Textbooks/Workbooks:
McGraw Hill: Tonal Harmony
McGraw Hill: Tonal Harmony Workbook
Cengage: Anthology for Musical Analysis
Schirmer: The Music Theory Handbook
Neil A Kjos Music: Winning Rhythms

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PALCS Music Electives

May be used to fulfill Humanities Credits. Humanities Graduation Requirements: 1 Credit Total

½ credit | Fall or Spring | Grades 9-12

In this course, students will learn about personal fitness and body mechanics.

Topics covered in Physical Education:

  • Introduction to Physical Education
  • Physical activity and personal fitness
  • Safety prevention
  • Personal fitness plan
  • Body composition and body weight
  • Cardiorespiratory endurance and resistance
  • Training, muscular fitness and flexibility
  • Fitness through life
  • Safety and injury prevention
  • Personal fitness screenings
  • Environmental concerns
  • Safety gear and clothing
  • Preventing fitness injuries
  • Lifetime sports
½ credit | Fall or Spring | Grades 9-12

In this course, students will learn about personal well-being, healthy relationships and nutritional choices.

Topics covered in Health:

  • Introduction to Health
  • Safety and environmental concerns
  • Mental and emotional health
  • Nutrition
  • Substance abuse
  • Health through your life
  • Peer relationships
  • Practicing abstinence
  • Communicable diseases
  • Understanding communicable diseases
  • Emerging diseases and pandemics
  • Sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS
  • Nutrition for health and managing weight and eating disorders
  • Healthy food guidelines
  • Nutrition labels and food safety
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Body image and eating disorders
  • Lifelong nutrition
  • Tobacco, alcohol, and drugs
  • The Role of medicines
  • The health risks of drug use & living drug free
  • First aid and emergencies
  • Achieving mental and emotional health
  • Developing your self-esteem
  • Developing personal identity and character
  • Expressing emotions in healthful ways
½ credit | Fall | Grades 9-12

Prerequisite: Physical Education and Health.

This course is aimed to give students with little or no dance experience the ability to understand the fundamentals of creating, performing, understanding, and designing dance in multiple genres. In this course, students will learn the history of dance, learn about health and wellness, and learn the elements of dance such as styles and genres.

½ credit | Spring | Grades 9-12

Prerequisite: Physical Education and Health.

This course aims to educate students on relaxation, meditation, and yoga fundamentals. Students will experience stretching, moving, breathing, and basic yoga poses. Students will learn how to relax, get more out of their day, and have fun with new techniques at the same time.

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PALCS Health and Safety Electives

May be used to fulfill Elective Credits. Elective Graduation Requirements: 4 Credits Total

½ credit | Fall or Spring | Grades 9-12

Students will demonstrate basic comprehension of the information provided by the Pennsylvania Department of Education Academic Standards for Family and Consumer Science and Child Development.

In this course, students will:

  • Learn how to observe, study, and interact with children.
  • Understand the basic concepts of parenting and building strong families.
  • Study pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Explore the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of infants, toddlers, and young children.

This class is helpful in preparation for a career and/or further study in child care related fields.

Textbook:
McGraw Hill: The Developing Child

½ credit | Fall or Spring | Grades 9-12

In this course, students will:

  • Explore the study of processing, preparing, evaluating, packaging, and preserving food.
  • Complete labs to illustrate and identify properties of ingredients.
  • Understand the basics of nutrition and a well balanced diet.

Textbook:
McGraw Hill: Food Science: The Biochemistry of Food

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PALCS Consumer Science Electives

May be used to fulfill Elective Credits. Elective Graduation Requirements: 4 Credits Total

½ credit | Fall or Spring | Grade 10-12

The SAT/ACT Preparatory Course is a Pass/Fail course. This course will utilize the number2.com website to increase a student’s understanding of the SAT/ACT exam. This course will build a student’s vocabulary, reading and math skills using teacher monitored tools and additional materials.

In this course students will:

  • Improve reading comprehension.
  • Learn college level vocabulary.
  • Practice writing timed essays.
  • Increase understanding of college level math.
  • Expand grammar usage.

It is recommended, but not required, that students take the PSAT prior to enrolling in this course, as well as Algebra I,
Geometry, and Algebra II.

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PALCS Test Prep

Graduation Portfolio Requirement: 1 credit

Beginning Class of 2019, students will take Graduation Portfolio every year of high school

½ credit | Fall or Spring | Grade 9

This semester course is a high school requirement taken at the freshman level for the purpose of giving students the tools, knowledge, and experience that will help them identify career paths that are based on their personal interests, abilities, aptitudes, and goals. The career exploration and awareness activities in this course are essential to ensuring that each and every student who graduates has a clear understanding of careers they may want to pursue after they graduate. Students will complete a variety of career interest and aptitude surveys to find out what job they might enjoy doing and engage in career exploration and research, such as creating a career research graphic organizer and developing a career reflection brochure. This course is designed to address the Pennsylvania Career and Education Work Standards.

½ credit | Fall or Spring | Grade 10

This semester course is a high school requirement taken at the sophomore level for the purpose of giving students the tools, knowledge, and experience that will help transition them into their chosen direction after high school. The skills taught in this course are essential to ensuring that each and every student who graduates has a clear understanding of how to succeed and thrive in their post-secondary pursuits. Students will identify tasks they will need to complete to begin in their chosen career(s) that align with their strengths and interests.
Students will identify possible barriers and/or obstacles they might encounter as they pursue their chosen career. Students will complete an employability skills assessment and understand the attributes employers are looking for and value.
This course is designed to address the Pennsylvania Career and Education Work Standards.

½ credit | Fall or Spring | Grade 11

This semester course is a high school requirement taken at the senior level for the purpose of giving students the tools
and knowledge to transition them in their chosen direction after high school. The skills taught in this course are essential to ensuring that each and every student who graduates has clear understanding of how to succeed and thrive in their post-secondary pursuits. This course includes learning opportunities and experiences aimed at helping students to become familiar with the language and processes associated
with keeping a job and advancing in their career. Students will describe and give examples of what they need to do to keep a job, the importance of working on a team, the value of listening techniques, the value of time management, and the importance of emotional intelligence. Students will learn about and complete financial literacy activities, including reflecting on the importance of creating a personal budget.
This course is designed to address the Pennsylvania Career and Education Work Standards.

½ credit | Fall or Spring | Grade 12

This semester course is a PALCS requirement at the senior level for the purpose of giving students the financial tools,
knowledge, and skills to help them make smart money management decisions during and after high school. This financial survey course will cover topics such as goal setting, investing, using credit, wise consumer practices, insurance, budgeting and financial planning for the future. The course is designed from both the National Business Education Standards for Finance and the Pennsylvania Finance Standards.

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PALCS Graduation Portfolio
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